South African probe blames Lonmin, police and unions for 2012 ''Marikana massacre'', where 34 miners were gunned down. Yiming Woo reports.
In 2012, South African police shot dead 34 miners during a strike. The "Marikana massacre" shocked the world -- it was the worst police killing since the end of apartheid 20 years ago. After a three-year judicial inquiry, President Jacob Zuma announced the findings. The probe found the mining company, unions to blame as well as the police. (SOUNDBITE) (English) SOUTH AFRICA PRESIDENT, JACOB ZUMA, SAYING: "The Commission also recommends that all the killings and assaults that took place between 11 and 15 August, 2012, should be referred to the Director of Public Prosecutions, for further investigation and to determine whether there is a basis for prosecution." (SOUNDBITE) (English) SOUTH AFRICA PRESIDENT, JACOB ZUMA, SAYING: "The Commission found that the police operation should not have taken place on 16 August because of the defects in the plan. The Commission has found that it would have been impossible to disarm and disperse the strikers without significant bloodshed, on the afternoon of the 16th of August." The report says that mining group Lonmin didn't do its best to resolve a dispute over wages with the workers. The unions aggravated the situation and lost control of its members. The commission also recommended a revision of police practices for crowd control.