President Barack Obama implores African Union to create opportunities for young people and respect democratic principles. Rough Cut (no reporter narration).
Rough Cut (no reporter narration) Story: In the first speech by a serving U.S. president to the 54-nation African Union, Barack Obama said violence unleashed in Burundi by the president's bid for a third term in office showed the risks of ignoring constitutional rules. He also said there was an "urgent task" facing a continent whose 1 billion people will double in a few decades. "Africa will need to generate millions more jobs than it is doing now," he said. "We need only look to the Middle East and North Africa to see that large numbers of young people with no jobs and stifled voices can fuel instability and disorder." "Africa's progress will also depend on democracy," he said, adding that jailing journalists or restricting legitimate opposition groups led to "democracy in name, but not in substance." Obama said leaders should stick to the rules and the African Union should put pressure on leaders to stick to limits. Obama's speech wound up a tour of Kenya, his father's homeland, and Ethiopia, a once famine-stricken nation which is on course to deliver 10 percent growth this year. While in Ethiopia, Obama held talks with regional African leaders on the conflict in South Sudan. The U.S. president called for tougher measures against the world's newest nation if its warring factions failed to reach a peace deal by Aug. 17. He repeated that threat in his speech, while also calling on leaders of the Central African Republic, another nation struggling with conflict, to respect elections later this year.